Effects of the Children Act 1989

Effects of the Children Act 1989

The Children Act 1989 has set up a couple of principles which are made to make certain that children’s needs in circumstances like this are looked after appropriately. This ensures that children should be assessed speedily and also have access to appropriate information within the social services (Beckett, C. and Maynard, A. (2005) Ch. 1) (Greene, R. (1999) 1-5). This legislation signifies that the there are types of procedures set up for the evaluation of the requirements of children considered to be potentially vulnerable to various forms of abuse in the spouse and children setting.

The legislation quotes that misuse may manifest itself as psychological, sexual and physical abuse or may take the sort of neglect. The local authority is given the responsibility for monitoring whether these concerns may be arising and where that is so, the social offerings must intervene and impose the best course of intervention as is essential (Beckett, C. and Maynard, A. (2005) Ch. 1) (Greene, R. (1999) 1-5).. Specifically, the legislation makes the next provisions:

‘Prevention of neglect and abuse

4.-(1)Every native authority shall take realistic guidelines, through the provision of services under Part III of this Act, to avoid children within their area suffering ill-treatment or neglect.…..’.

Schedule Two of the Act makes the following provisions:

Part I, of Plan Two of the Children’s Act 1989 provides:

‘Identification of children in have and provision of information

(1)Every localized authority shall take acceptable steps to identify the extent to which there are children in need within their area.……..’.


The most significant assessment in this scenario is normally that of the cultural worker. The Children Act 1989 spots duties upon the neighborhood authority to care for the children who are potentially at risk in this scenario (Beckett, C. and Maynard, A. (2005) Ch. 1) (Greene, R. (1999) 1-5). To a large degree the position of the social employee is usually to discharge this duty. Broadly the problems which are offered by this situation how to start a narrative essay are relate to poverty, interpersonal exclusion, poor parenting expertise, mental health together with child support issues.

In this situation, each individual child’s needs should be assessed (Beckett, C. and Maynard, A good. (2005) Ch. 1) (Greene, R. (1999) Ch. 1-2). The child’s mother’s capability to respond to the children’s needs must also be assessed. In the problem described, the children appear to have already been neglected, and poverty seems to be a prevalent factor in the continuing neglect. The mother’s description of her own feelings of being miserable and isolated advise that perhaps there is an problem of mental health difficulties for the mother and that conceivably she may be suffering from depression. Perhaps the most significant element in this situation is that there is no child support getting received by the children’s father. This matter should be referred to the kid Support Agency who may be able to trace the children’s dad and secure child support payments.

On a more positive note, the mom seems to be extremely cooperative and she has admitted that she actually is not coping appropriately. Because of this it is probably possible to make sure that the children remain in the attention of their mother with more support from the sociable services to assist her in coping with the difficulties of parenting. The Children Act 1989 will make provision for what’s referred to as an emergency protection order which implies that the children can be placed under the immediate protection of the neighborhood authority. However, considering that the mother appears to be as cooperative as she is, there does not seem to be any have to consider such a drastic measure. A less serious measure which is possibly open to the social worker in this situation may be the application for a care and attention order. This order commits the kids to the good care of the local authority. Again, however, considering that the issues which are resulting in the neglect of the children appear to be linked to issues which might be remedied with suitable support and interventions on the part of the social worker (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Mental Wellbeing Partnership NHS Trust (2006) 3) (Jones, I just. and Williams, D. (2000) 1-2) (Scottish Executive (2006) 1), this program, while it could be under consideration for future years is unlikely to end up being acted upon without efforts being made at less invasive remedies.

An aim of the Children Action 1989 is to encourage what is referred to as a multi-agency way (Beckett, C. and Maynard, A. (2005) Ch. 1) (Greene, R. (1999) Ch. 1-2) to the problems which might be presented to individuals including the mother in this situation. Chances are that medical visitor, the neighborhood GP as well as perhaps some charitable organisations like the Citizens Advice Bureau may be contacted to assist her mother. Certainly it appears that she may be entitled to more monetary support from the sociable security organization, and if she were willing to attend the local CAB she might be able to get yourself a benefits check which can be an assessment of the huge benefits which she could be entitled to.


Peter’s needs in this situation are paramount and the local authority are obliged to judge how much danger he may be in of being subjected to further misuse (Beckett, C. and Maynard, A. (2005) Ch. 1) (Greene, R. (1999) Ch. 1-2). The care and attention order which is set up means that Peter has been previously at risk of significant damage. If Peter is came back to the care of his spouse and children and suffers any further harm, there can be a case to be produced that the local authority and the people mixed up in assessment of his requirements have got acted negligently. A care order will most likely last until the kid is normally eighteen although applications could be made to the court to discharge care and attention orders. The powers of the neighborhood authority, whenever a care order is set up are the identical to parental responsibilities. This ensures that the neighborhood authority are permitted to make decisions about the welfare of the kid, where in fact the child lives and what’s generally in the best interests of that child until the child reaches age majority.

Naturally, this situation brings a number of dilemmas to the fore. Some of these could include deciding whether it’s in the best interests of Peter to end up being returned to his parents, deciding whether it’s appropriate for Peter to become allowed connection with his father, and finally deciding whether Peter would be extra damaged in the long term by separation from his parents or when you are returned to his parents. Various other dilemmas would include getting the responsibility for separating a mom from her child. It would appear that Peter’s mother is as very much a victim in this situation as Peter is. However, the local authority contain a duty to put the passions of peter first.

Peter’s father and mother may apply to the court at any time to have the care order revoked but in the circumstances it would appear that they may have some difficulty in showing that they will be able to provide a secure environment for the child to come back to. Peter admits that he is intimidated by his dad and his dad has just been unveiled from prison. The programs which Peter’s parents have to marry are a positive sign that they might be wanting to turn things around, however they would be required to show that Peter is normally no longer at significant risk and they can maintain a secure home environment for Peter to become a part of. Peter’s parents, and indeed Peter’s father in particular would probably be entitled to have access to the child if Peter consents, but again the responsibility would be on them showing that such contact would be in Peter’s best interests.

The Children’s Act 1989 requires the neighborhood authority to place the welfare of the child initially and in this scenario doing this would involve placing the onus on Peter’s relatives to convince those looking after Peter and the court that they are in a position to care for him properly, and that they are likely to be able to sustain this for a considerable amount of time.


The Children’s Act 1989 in this situation places a legal duty after the neighborhood authority to make certain that the risks to which this child may be being exposed to are correctly assessed (Beckett, C. and Maynard, A good. (2005) Ch. 1) (Greene, R. (1999) Ch. 1-2). If it transpires that the child reaches significant risk the local authority are required for legal reasons to intervene and remove the child from the situation which places them at risk.

Claire in this example features bruising to her cheek, and this may very well be considered to be extremely inappropriate because she sustained this personal injury at the hands of her father, who provides admitted that it features happened before. Claire admits that she’s been staying out past due however, in the instances Claire’s parents must be able to care for her and to discipline her without resorting to physical violence. In circumstances in which a child is in quick danger, the social products and services can apply for a crisis protection order which permits them to take the child into protective care for no more than eight controversial essay topics days. This is an option available to the social worker below, however in reality it is far more likely that a care order would probably be applied for.

Before this occurs, the social worker must consider whether the child may be able to be kept in the good care of her friends and family, while being reinforced through appropriate channels and outside actors.

In this situation, the parents appear to end up being having some problems both communicating with Claire and with disciplining her. Maybe out of frustration, they own resorted to assault as an expression for his or her inability to do these exact things appropriately. The situation is exacerbated by the actual fact that Claire continues to stay out late without her parents’ authorization. The social employee in this situation should probably consider whether it’s appropriate to make the option of relatives counselling available to the whole family, and Claire’s view that she has had enough of being with her family should be the cause of some concern. Certainly, as a short-term measure Claire could be placed with other family, so putting her in a far more neutral setting. Such a measure would provide both parties some breathing space and period to evaluate an improved solution to the problems, which will not involve physical violence to Claire.

The parents may possibly also benefit from training in appropriate parenting skills which will enable them to discipline her even more successfully. If Claire continues to be at risk of this violence occurring, chances are that she would be considered to become at significant risk. In these situations, a child protection meeting will be placed and the cultural services will be responsible for coordinating an inter-agency intend to ensure that the child is looked after appropriately. This involves liaising with third parties to make sure that Claire gets all of the assistance she needs. Most likely Claire’s teachers could possibly be consulted to enquire whether this treatment can be adversely influencing her education, and Claire may reap the benefits of being referred to a counsellor on an individual basis.



Beckett, C. and Maynard, A. (2005) Values and Ethics in Sociable Do the job. Publisher: Sage Publications. Host to Publication: UK.

Greene, R. (1999) Man Behavior Theory and Community Do the job Practice. Publisher: Aldine De Gruyter. Host to Publication: NY.


Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Mental Well being Partnership NHS Trust (2006) Technique for Social Work and Public Treatment. Publisher: Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust. Host to Publication: UK.

Jones, I just. and Williams, D. (2000) Preparing for Practice in Wales: The Public Work Process. Publisher: Attention Council for Wales and the University of Bangor. Host to Publication: Wales.

Scottish Executive (2006) The Need for Social Work Intervention. Publisher: Scottish Executive. Host to Publication: UK.

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